New Drone Ambulance Concept
22 August 2018
Around 1,000 “savable” lives are lost every year from slow emergency response times. To help prevent this in the future, argodesign has created a “drone ambulance”.
It’s a one-person ambulance drone modeled after a standard quadcopter—driven by a GPS, pilot, or combination of both—that could be dispatched to an emergency scene with a single EMT.
It’s designed to land almost anywhere, thanks to a footprint the size of a compact car. The EMT stabilizes the patient, loads him up, and sends him back to the hospital for further treatment.
“Obviously, it’s not a thoroughly vetted concept, but I think it’s extremely intriguing where drones might show up,” says Mark Rolston, founder of argodesign. “It would be nice to see them used this way, rather than another military function or more photography.”
The idea was born from a team brainstorming session around how health care could become more accessible.
The designers first thought about how they could build a better ambulance, and the rise of autonomous vehicles inspired them to consider a self-driving ambulance. Then they thought of helicopters and drones, and the rest developed from there.
A single pilot who would usually fly a single helicopter could manage a whole fleet of drone ambulances remotely, relying on autopilot through the skies, and taking over manual controls only during more complicated takeoffs and landings. There’s also the issue of price: Rolston believes an ultralight drone could be constructed in the million dollar range. That's several times more expensive than a wheeled ambulance, but still cheaper than a medical helicopter.
Drones exist, they are getting better by the day, and they're about to take over our skies (some day). Autonomous drivers will be on our streets within the next year. Why not fuse these two ideas?
“I wouldn’t be surprised to get emails, to hear lots of the aeronautics companies saying, ‘we are working on something like this’,” Rolston says. “It makes perfect sense. We may have underestimated the wingspan challenge for lift, but in a greater scheme of things, that’s a trivial part of the idea.”
Time saved with high speed driving of ambulances
Transportation with road ambulances is increasing because of a concentration of hospitals to larger units, with high quality in the acute care of the patients. The concentration implies longer distances to receiving units, which increases the transportation time.
The purpose of the present study was to investigate the time difference in ambulance transportation with high speed emergency driving, compared to non-emergency driving in normal traffic pace.
Data was collected from 30 emergency high speed ambulance transportations in urban and rural areas. These transportations were then repeated experimentally with an ambulance driving at normal traffic pace. The average speed and duration for the emergency transportations were shorter than for the experimental driving, both in urban and rural areas.
The mean time saved was 2.9 min (urban areas) and 8.9 min (rural areas). Regardless of the patient's clinical status or need of care the emergency transportations were carried out in higher speed than the experimental driving.
However, patients with life threatening conditions were not included in this study. Procedures and methods should be developed to identify the patients for which fast transportation has clinical relevance to the outcomes.
|Written by: Peter Mateus|